Learning of how to apply the principles of chemical engineering (classical and chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, fluid mechanics, mass and heat transfer) to improve air quality.
Ability to recognize contemporary environmental issues related to air pollution and climate change.
Chemical Thermodynamics; Transport Phenomena; Reaction Engineering
The Atmosphere. History and development, atmospheric layers, pressure change with altitude, atmospheric composition, transport times in the atmosphere, major gas-phase pollutants, atmospheric particulate matter, toxics, standards and regulations.
Tropospheric chemistry. Basic photochemical cycle of NO2, NO and O3, atmospheric chemistry of CO, formaldehyde chemistry, chemistry of the clean atmosphere, tropospheric ozone, the role of organic compounds and NOx in ozone formation.
Aqueous-phase chemistry. Water in the atmosphere, absorption of pollutants in clouds, sulfuric acid formation, nitric acid formation.
Atmospheric particulate matter. Chemical composition and size distribution, thermodynamic principles, water and particulate matter, thermodynamics of atmospheric particles, organic components of aerosols, primary and secondary aerosols.
Wet deposition and acid rain General principles, collection of gas-phase pollutants by rain, collection of particles by rain, acid deposition, synthesis of processes leading to acid deposition.
LECTURES: 3 h/w
PROJECT / HOMEWORK: 6/semester
Total Module Workload (ECTS Standards):
The final grade is 40% of the grade of homeworks and 60% of the grade of the final exam.
1. Λαζαρίδης Μ., Ατμοσφαιρική Ρύπανση με Στοιχεία Μετεωρολογίας, 2η έκδοση, Εκδ. Τζιόλα, 2010.
2. Γεντεκάκης Ι., Ατμοσφαιρική Ρύπανση, Κλειδάριθμος, 2010.
3. Seinfeld J. H. and Pandis S. N., Atmospheric Chemistry: Air Pollution to Global Change, 2nd edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2006.