Ability to use mathematic tools for deriving Thermodynamics through introduction of new functions and through correlations using partial derivatives.
Ability to perform calculations of changes in thermodynamic functions, work and heat in simple (non-chemical) processes.
Ability to perform technical calculations in processes involving phase transitions.
Expected skills/competences possessed by students:
- ability to use mathematic tools for deriving Thermodynamics through introduction of new functions and through correlations using partial derivatives
- performing calculations of changes in thermodynamic functions, work and heat in simple (non-chemical) processes
- performing technical calculations in processes involving phase transitions
The concept of prerequisite courses is not applied. The students are expected to have a good command of differential equations and simple integrals.
FOUNDATION OF THERMODYNAMICS. Thermodynamic systems and variables. Zeroth Law and temperature. Work. Internal Energy and First Law. Heat. Spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes. The Entropy and the Second Law. Reversibility. Clausius inequality. Fundamental thermodynamic equation in internal energy representation. Cyclic processes. Legendre transformations. Enthalpy, Helmholtz free energy, Gibbs free energy. Chemical potential. Euler’s theorem, Maxwell relations. Absolute entropy and 3rd Law. Cryogenic temperatures.
THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF PURE HOMOGENIOUS COMPONENTS. Expression of thermodynamic properties through partial derivatives of thermodynamic functions. Specific heat. Heat capacity at constant volume and at constant pressure. Calculations of changes in thermodynamic functions for pure substances. Equations of state of gases. Fugacity. Principle of corresponding states. Critical conditions. Reduced variables.
PHASE EQUILIBRIA IN SINGLE COMPONENT SYSTEMS. Molar properties. Phase transitions. Vapor pressure. Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Antoine equation. Entropy and enthalpy changes of phase transitions. First and second order transitions. Lambda transitions.
THERMODYNAMICS IN OPEN (FLOW) SYSTEMS. Generalized mass balances. Relation to thermodynamic laws. Applications of mass balances in simple systems.
Standard class teaching. Periodically, review crash courses are given in seminar form using power point.
LECTURES: 3 h/w
RECITATION: 2 h/w
Total Module Workload (ECTS Standards):
1) The student can take two (2) tests on volunteer basis (6th and 13th week of the semester).
2) Undertaking of case studies/projects by small (3,4) student groups, on volunteer basis.
3) Final exam. The average of the exams (1) – if greater than 5.0 – is considered together with the (optional) project (2) for improving the final module grade.
- J. M. Smith, H. Van Ness, M. M. Abbott, «Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics» (translated in greek), A. Tziola & Sons Editions, 2011.
- Α. Papaioannou, «Thermodynamics– Volume Ι», Gelbesi Editions, 2007.
- P. Atkins, J. de Paula, “ATKINS’ Physical Chemistry”, 8th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2006.
- K. Denbigh, “The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium”, Cambridge University Press, 1957