Be acquainted with the basic concept of polymer characterization.
Be acquainted with the chemistry of step-growth and chain-growth polymerization reactions.
Be able to extract the kinetic equations of the polymerization reactions.
Be acquainted with the basic principles of polymer characterization techniques.
Be acquainted with the states of polymers (amorphous, crystalline) and how they influence the ultimate properties in the solid state.
Understand the basic principles of polymer viscoelasticity
Comprehend and use the basic principles of statistical thermodynamics of macromolecular solutions.
Students should have at least basic knowledge of Organic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Thermodynamics.
Nomenclature of macromolecules, degree of Polymerization, Average molecular weights, classification of polymerization reactions, macromolecular architecture, copolymers, isomerism of macromolecules. Chemistry of step-growth polymerization, Monomers and general schemes of step-growth reactions, crosslinked polymers (thermosettings). Kinetics of step-growth polymerization, kinetics of gelation reactions. Chemistry of chain-growth radical polymerization, controlled free radical polymerization. Kinetics of chain-growth polymerization, Kinetic scheme (initiation, propagation, termination) polymerization rate, evaluation of kinetic constants, degree of polymerization of products DPn, DPw versus monomer conversion relationships, the Trommsdorff effect, influence of chain transfer reactions on the kinetic equation. Kinetics of radical copolymerization, Kinetic scheme, reactivity ratios. Statistical thermodynamics of macromolecular solutions, lattice model, Flory Huggins theory, entropy of mixing of athermal solutions, enthalpy of mixing and chemical potentials of regular solutions, thermodynamics of real polymer solutions the interaction parameter. Phase equilimbria, solubility, Phase diagrams, polymer/solvent binary systems, polymeric blends. Dilute polymer solutions and characterization methods of polymers, osmotic pressure-determination of Mn, viscometry-determination of Mv, gel permeation chromatography. Solid state properties of macromolecules
Crystallization state, kinetics of crystallization, melting, amorphous state, glass transition temperature, free volume theory. Mechanical properties.
LECTURES: 3 h/w
RECITATION: 1 h/w
Total Module Workload (ECTS Standards):
Written assay after the completion of the first five chapters (for marks over 5 there is a bonus that will be added to the final exams mark). Final written examination
- «Συνθετικά Μακρομόρια, Βασική Θεώρηση», Α.Ντόντος, Εκδ. Κωσταράκης, Αθήνα, 2012.
- «Επιστήμη και Τεχνολογία Πολυμερών», Κ. Παναγιώτου, Εκδ. ΠΗΓΑΣΟΣ, Θεσσαλονίκη.
- «Polymers: Chemistry Physics of modern materials” J.M.G. Cowie, 2nd Ed., Blakie, London, 1991.
- “Polymer Chemistry” P.C.Hiemenz, T.P. Lodge, 2nd Ed., CRC Press, New York, 2007.