Know the fundamental science and engineering principles relevant to materials.
Understand the relationship between nano/microstructure, characterization, properties and processing and design of materials.
Have the fundamental experimental and computational skills as engineers in materials.
To be able to apply general math, science and engineering skills to the solution of engineering problems.
To be able to apply core concepts in Materials Science to solve engineering problems.
To be able to select materials for design and construction.
Possess the skills and techniques necessary for modern materials engineering practice.
There are no prerequisites for this module. Students should have basic knowledge of mathematics and physics.
Materials Science description. The Era of Materials. The Greatest Materials Moments. Environmental and Other Effects. Examples
Atomic Structure and Bonding
Atomic bonding. Periodic table of elements. Atomic bonding and properties of Materials. Intermetallic Compounds. Examples.
Atomic and Ionic Arrangements.
Crystal structure. Atomic arrangements. Structure of metals. FCC, HCP, BCC structures. Structure of ceramics. Points, Directions, and Planes in the Unit Cell. Allotropic or Polymorphic Transformations. Examples
Imperfections in Solids
Dislocations. Point defects. Grain boundaries. Examples.
Diffusion. Diffusion Mechanisms. Steady-State Diffusion. Nonsteady-State Diffusion. 1st and 2nd Fick’s laws. Examples.
Phase (equilibrium) diagrams
Introduction. Phases. Microstructure. Phase equilibria. Isomorphic and Eutectic binary alloys. Eutectic, eutectoid, peritictic reactions. Phase rule (Gibbs). The iron–carbon system. Examples.
The Kinetics of Solid-State Reactions. Benite. Martensite. Isothermal Transformation Diagrams. Continuous Cooling Transformation Diagrams. Examples
Electrical properties - Conductors, Insulators and Semiconductors
Electrical conductivity - Electrical constant. Piezoelectricity, Intrinsic semiconductors, p and n type semiconductors, transistors, Integrated circuits, Transistors, ΜΕΜS. Examples
Interaction of light with solids - Reflectivity, Polarization, Optoelectrical devices. Examples
Magnetic fields, Induction, Magnetization, -Induction- Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism, Magnetic materials and applications. Examples
Metals, Ceramics and Polymers- Applications. Examples
Keywords: Material Science, Material Engineering,
LECTURES: 3 h/w
RECITATION: 2 h/w
Total Module Workload (ECTS Standards):
1. D. Chrisoulakis, D. Ι. Pantelis, Science and Engineering of Metallic Materials, Edit. Papasotiriou, 2003. ISBN: 960-7510-39-9
2. W.D. Callister, Jr., Science and Engineering of Materials, Edit. Tziola, 2004. ISBN: 960-8050-90-1
3. R. Askeland, The Science and Engineering of Materials, Edit. Chapman & Hall, 1996. ISBN: 0-412-53910-1